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'''Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury''' (; 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts '''Thomas Hobbs of Malmsbury''', was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book ''Leviathan (book)|Leviathan'' established social contract theory, the foundation of most later Western political philosophy. Though on rational grounds a champion of Absolute monarchy|absolutism for the sovereign, Hobbes also developed some of the fundamentals of European classical liberalism|liberal thought: the right of the individual; the natural equality of all men; the artificial character of the political order (which led to the later distinction between civil society and the state); the view that all legitimate political power must be "representative" and based on the consent of the people; and a liberal interpretation of law which leaves people free to do whatever the law does not explicitly...
RegionWestern Philosophers
Era17th-century philosophy
(Modern Philosophy)
Birth date{{Birth date |1588|4|5| df = yes}}
Birth placeWestport, Wiltshire|Westport near Malmesbury, Wiltshire, England
Death date{{Death date and age |1679|12|4|1588|4|5| df= yes}}
Death placeDerbyshire, England
School traditionSocial contract, political realism|classical realism, empiricism, determinism, materialism, ethical egoism
Main interestsPolitical philosophy, history, ethics, geometry
InfluencesAristotle, Thucydides, Tacitus, René Descartes, Hugo Grotius|Grotius, Niccolò Machiavelli, Francis Bacon
InfluencedWestern political philosophy and sociology
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